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UC of Research? Find Out More!

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When September rolls around, how do you choose which UC is the best for you? Several factors that affect these decisions include distance, majors, environment, and rankings even. Each school has their own niche and reputation, but out of the nine public universities in California, a common trait that unites them all is the open resource of endless research opportunities.

Below is a list of the UC’s and the top leading research held prior in their school. What’s great about these is having the endless opportunities to be mentored by a doctor or well- known researcher. Who wouldn’t want their name on the next most significant scientific discovery on Nature or ScienceDirect? Read below to find out the breakthrough discoveries in each of these universities.

1. University of California, Los Angeles

  • Professor Dean Ho of Oral Biology analyzed nanodiamond that can help tissue heal, such as recovery from root canals!
  • Professor Kang Wang of Electrical Engineering explored the Majorana particle to carry data in quantum computers.
  • UCLA researchers led by Melanie Barboni found the moon to be at least 4.51 billion years old when previously thought it was 40 to 140 million years old.
  • UCLA researchers devised a smartphone- based microscope to analyze specific DNA sequences and genetic mutations in tumor cells without having to first extract DNA from them.
  • UCLA researchers led by Richard Kaner designed a 2-in-1 device that can make electricity or hydrogen for more affordable hydrogen cars.

2. University of California Berkeley

  • Researchers found high- diet in grapefruit juice resulted in 18 percent less weight when they drank water.
  • Berkeley Lab researchers discovered a material ideal for smart photovoltaic windows made with perovskite solar cell.
  • Discovery in brain plasticity to compensate for Alzheimer’s- Related Protein
  • The Kavli Energy NanoSciences Institute (Kavli ENSI) at the University of California, Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are leaders in energy research dedicated to studying how nature manages energy at the nanoscale.

3. University of California, Irvine

  • Breakthrough treatment for crippling jaw disease
  • Professor Andrea Tenner and Dean Frank LaFerla led an effort to create a mouse that more closely mirrors human Alzheimer’s.
  • Chemists have developed a way to neutralize deadly snake venom more cheaply and effectively compared to the traditional anti-venom.
  • Researchers have invented a nanowire-based electrode that is more energy efficient and could be recharged hundreds of thousands of times without being replaced.
  • A strain of mosquitoes capable of rapidly introducing malaria-blocking genes into a mosquito population through its progeny, ultimately to eliminate the insects’ ability to transmit the disease to humans.

4. University of California, San Diego

  • Breakthrough finding in sea spray aerosols ejected from the ocean to help understand the formation of clouds.
  • In a collaborative effort of researchers, Professor Congjun Wu helped show for the first time that string states dominate quantum spin dynamics.
  • The research team launched a new center for anti-parasitic drug discovery to deal with tropical diseases from climate change.

5. University of California, Santa Barbara

  • Joseph Polchinkski showed for the string theory that if you mathematically shrink the space around one class of strings, space is forced to ‘bounce back’ — that is, to expand again into a larger volume.
  • Dr. Craig Montell’s research revolves around a central goal of neurobiology: to define the molecular and cellular mechanisms through which animals translate sensory input into behavioral outputs.
  • Direct Cris Sandoval of the Coal Oil Point Reserve has successfully restored more than 20 acres of wetland margins, vernal pools, coastal sage scrub, dunes and beach habitats.

6. University of California, Riverside

  • Discoveries helped realize the promise of faster, energy-efficient spintronic computers and ultra-high-capacity data storage.
  • UCR Professor of Mathematics Mark Alber and researcher Oleg Kim are leading advancements in stroke and heart attack treatments in a breakthrough blood clot research.
  • Molecular Virology and Immunology Professor Shou-Wei Ding has done groundbreaking work into how certain viral infections function in human and found a virus-fighting mechanism from plants, insects, and mice that are also present in humans.
  • In the development of a material that could drastically lower the price of fuel cells.

7. University of California, Davis

  • Worked on linking the toxicity of ambient aerosols (particles and gases) to emission sources.
  • Designed and implemented the control plane for an all-optical packet switch based on label-switching.
  • Developed a methodology for power optimization of embedded software on mobile phones using Markov Decision Processes and collaborative bandwidth sharing based on user profiles.

8. University of California, Santa Cruz

  • In 2017, UC Santa Cruz was ranked 3rd best in the world for research influence by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, tied with Stanford University.
  • Research on fruit flies is predicted to further gain understanding on river blindness and debilitating disease
  • Further prediction on U.S. national forests to sequester carbon within in the next 60 year  
  • Nader Pourmand, a biomolecular engine, developed a nanopipette technology to track changes in a single cell’s life over time.

9.University of California, Merced

  • Research has found how therapy-resistant cancers arise and are comparing genetic and metabolic pathways in treatment- responsive and treatment-resistant melanomas.
  • Professor Clarissa Nobile is working to find the fungus that forms the biofilms that cause yeast infections inside and on outer surfaces of the human body.
  • UC Merced Professor Roland Winston is working on a groundbreaking hybrid solar collector that generates electricity.
  • UC Merced graduate student Melissa Ricketts has come up with a way to use the compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) to emit light, rather than gather it.

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Lifestyle

Listen Up! This Month of Febru-Hairy Shows Benefits of Not Shaving

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Everyone has a different opinion regarding body hair, but ultimately, it should be a personal decision to wear whatever style makes you feel comfortable. Shaming people for what they choose to do with their body not only reinforces outdated societal standards but represses expression of individuality.

Therefore, the next time you reach for that razor, consider these health benefits of keeping your body hair!

  1. Vulnerability to skin infections. Be careful when you use the razor that might leave a knick or two in the process. Exposure to the environment could potentially leave the wound left from the knick susceptible to infections from the bacteria.   
  2. The release of more pheromones. Pheromones called androstadienone shows to increase a female’s libido and disperse the odor that potentially attracts a partner. This might change the way people view their methods to attract potential mates.
  3. Armpit hair reduces chafing. When you go running, the sweat, combined with the friction of your arms moving back and forth can lead to chafing. However, dermatologists warn that removing your hair can make the unwanted rashes worse, so it’s better to keep your body hair intact!
  4. Regulate your body temperature. You may have noticed that when you are cold, your hair spikes up. That is the body’s internal temperature regulation system to trap heat and keep you warm, especially during the cold winter times!
  5. Maintains skin health. Hair follicles are more complex underneath the epidermis and contain masses of blood vessels and nerves to help your skin heal.
  6. Sun protection. Too much sunlight is detrimental to our health and causes skin cancer, but that’s what your hair is there for! So those who are hairy simply just have an extra layer to keep them protected from the powerful rays.

Now you’ve seen that there are health benefits to staying natural. Not to mention you might also be saving money! With the help of expert advice, being hairy may result in better health and for some, greater physical gains. If you would like to learn more, here is a video of reasons why others decided to stop shaving.

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Alzheimers

Is Bad Oral Hygiene Connected with Alzheimer’s Disease?

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Alzheimer’s a neuronal disease that progressively forms plaques and tangles to healthy brain cells and eventually dies. This unfortunate disease affects 47 million people worldwide and there is currently no cure. However, research findings have presented that there is hope.

A new study in the Journal Science Advances found a correlation between the high amounts of bacteria, Porphyromonas gingivalism, and the effect on brain deterioration. This bacteria is associated with gum disease and researchers found toxic enzymes produced by it.

Experiments were done on mice that showed early- stage Amnesia had a significantly higher infection of P.gingivalis and amyloid plaques in their brains compared to normal brains. Note that this evidence is only a lead of how gum disease and Alzheimer’s are correlated, but not a matter of causation.

Photo by Amauri Acosta Montiel on Unsplash

This is the first time in research that showed these enzymes can kill neurons, and now there is clinical research ongoing to develop a drug that could clear this bacterial infection. However, there are multiple other factors such as genetics and lifestyle that need to be considered before confirming the true diagnosis of Alzheimer’s.

In other words, there is still ambiguity on knowing whether gum disease increases the risk of Alzheimer’s or if people with dementia incur gum disease because of poor oral care. Hopefully, the discovery of a new therapy could one day be the cure to treat humans as the brain and human bacterium plays a central role in development.  

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Fitness/ Diet

The Diet That Will Work! Try this +++itively No Sugar Diet

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Chocolate, ice cream, candy, and all that good stuff! No wonder why kids constantly crave desserts for dinner. We might assume that excessive consumption of sugar will cause one or two cavities, but there are greater health issues that can result such as kidney failure. The truth is that glucose is an addictive component, and having too many sweets may potentially lead to dietary and health issues over time.

Photo by Brooke Lark on Unsplash

The Unspoken Truth Behind Sugar

Sugar is a ubiquitous component of a typical American diet, but this leads scientists and public health experts to worry about its consumption rate. Most Americans consume too much-added sugar, specifically about 57 pounds of added sugar per person every year.

There are two different types of sugars to be aware of. The first is natural sugars, which come from fruits, vegetables, and grains to replenish the energy of cells in the body. Added sugars are added by manufacturers to extend the shelf-life of a particular product, and this is the type of sugar you should fear.

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There is a legitimate reason to fear added sugars, and here’s why. According to a study conducted by JAMA Internal Medicine,  increased consumption has a direct association with contracting heart disease. In the study, people who consumed 17-21% of added sugar had a 38% higher risk of dying from cardiovascular disease compared with those who consumed 8% added sugar.

If that is not startling enough, scientists have discovered that added sugars have addictive properties in them. Research demonstrates that sugar activates the same brain regions as certain drugs, and increased consumption leads to increased tolerance.

How to Combat the Sugar Addiction

In recent times, Americans have turned to diet changes to combat the negative effects of sugar. While the ketogenic diet is gaining prevalence, many adults are also turning to the +++itively No Sugar Diet.

Shopping, Bottle, Woman, Grocery, Store, Drink
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This diet essentially eliminates the consumption of added or processed sugars, and instead focuses more on consuming natural sugars. Courtesy of Livestrong, here are some tips that will help you achieve longevity within this diet.

  1. Understand where hidden sugar sources are located. Many processed foods such as salad dressings, pasta sauces, and cereals contain loads of added sugar even though they may seem “healthy”.
  2. Do not be fooled by the external appearance. Deceptively healthy foods such as acai bowls and protein bars also contain a high amount of added sugar.
  3. Double check the nutrition facts. This is a key habit to incorporate, especially when you are shopping for day to day items to make sure no added sugar is present.  
  4. Eliminate and substitute! Instead of opting for artificially flavored drinks like soda and water, drink more water! Foods and drinks with turmeric and coconut water are a great source of anti-inflammatory agents and can replenish energy labels in the body.
  5. Eliminate foods with white flour. This food group is digested very quickly and can lead to increased blood sugar content in the body. Refined flour is present in items such as pasta, rice, and white bread. Instead, look for foods with whole grains such as wheat, quinoa, and barley.
  6. Beware of added sugar in dairy. Yogurts and milk tend to have added flavoring which contains sugar to boost the taste of the food.

Overall, the +++itively No Sugar Diet will help you feel your best and live a healthy lifestyle. Let us know in the comments if you have tried this diet before and have seen tangible results compared to other types of diets.

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