Connect with us

Uncategorized

UC of Research? Find Out More!

Published

on

When September rolls around, how do you choose which UC is the best for you? Several factors that affect these decisions include distance, majors, environment, and rankings even. Each school has their own niche and reputation, but out of the nine public universities in California, a common trait that unites them all is the open resource of endless research opportunities.

Below is a list of the UC’s and the top leading research held prior in their school. What’s great about these is having the endless opportunities to be mentored by a doctor or well- known researcher. Who wouldn’t want their name on the next most significant scientific discovery on Nature or ScienceDirect? Read below to find out the breakthrough discoveries in each of these universities.

1. University of California, Los Angeles

  • Professor Dean Ho of Oral Biology analyzed nanodiamond that can help tissue heal, such as recovery from root canals!
  • Professor Kang Wang of Electrical Engineering explored the Majorana particle to carry data in quantum computers.
  • UCLA researchers led by Melanie Barboni found the moon to be at least 4.51 billion years old when previously thought it was 40 to 140 million years old.
  • UCLA researchers devised a smartphone- based microscope to analyze specific DNA sequences and genetic mutations in tumor cells without having to first extract DNA from them.
  • UCLA researchers led by Richard Kaner designed a 2-in-1 device that can make electricity or hydrogen for more affordable hydrogen cars.

2. University of California Berkeley

  • Researchers found high- diet in grapefruit juice resulted in 18 percent less weight when they drank water.
  • Berkeley Lab researchers discovered a material ideal for smart photovoltaic windows made with perovskite solar cell.
  • Discovery in brain plasticity to compensate for Alzheimer’s- Related Protein
  • The Kavli Energy NanoSciences Institute (Kavli ENSI) at the University of California, Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are leaders in energy research dedicated to studying how nature manages energy at the nanoscale.

3. University of California, Irvine

  • Breakthrough treatment for crippling jaw disease
  • Professor Andrea Tenner and Dean Frank LaFerla led an effort to create a mouse that more closely mirrors human Alzheimer’s.
  • Chemists have developed a way to neutralize deadly snake venom more cheaply and effectively compared to the traditional anti-venom.
  • Researchers have invented a nanowire-based electrode that is more energy efficient and could be recharged hundreds of thousands of times without being replaced.
  • A strain of mosquitoes capable of rapidly introducing malaria-blocking genes into a mosquito population through its progeny, ultimately to eliminate the insects’ ability to transmit the disease to humans.

4. University of California, San Diego

  • Breakthrough finding in sea spray aerosols ejected from the ocean to help understand the formation of clouds.
  • In a collaborative effort of researchers, Professor Congjun Wu helped show for the first time that string states dominate quantum spin dynamics.
  • The research team launched a new center for anti-parasitic drug discovery to deal with tropical diseases from climate change.

5. University of California, Santa Barbara

  • Joseph Polchinkski showed for the string theory that if you mathematically shrink the space around one class of strings, space is forced to ‘bounce back’ — that is, to expand again into a larger volume.
  • Dr. Craig Montell’s research revolves around a central goal of neurobiology: to define the molecular and cellular mechanisms through which animals translate sensory input into behavioral outputs.
  • Direct Cris Sandoval of the Coal Oil Point Reserve has successfully restored more than 20 acres of wetland margins, vernal pools, coastal sage scrub, dunes and beach habitats.

6. University of California, Riverside

  • Discoveries helped realize the promise of faster, energy-efficient spintronic computers and ultra-high-capacity data storage.
  • UCR Professor of Mathematics Mark Alber and researcher Oleg Kim are leading advancements in stroke and heart attack treatments in a breakthrough blood clot research.
  • Molecular Virology and Immunology Professor Shou-Wei Ding has done groundbreaking work into how certain viral infections function in human and found a virus-fighting mechanism from plants, insects, and mice that are also present in humans.
  • In the development of a material that could drastically lower the price of fuel cells.

7. University of California, Davis

  • Worked on linking the toxicity of ambient aerosols (particles and gases) to emission sources.
  • Designed and implemented the control plane for an all-optical packet switch based on label-switching.
  • Developed a methodology for power optimization of embedded software on mobile phones using Markov Decision Processes and collaborative bandwidth sharing based on user profiles.

8. University of California, Santa Cruz

  • In 2017, UC Santa Cruz was ranked 3rd best in the world for research influence by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, tied with Stanford University.
  • Research on fruit flies is predicted to further gain understanding on river blindness and debilitating disease
  • Further prediction on U.S. national forests to sequester carbon within in the next 60 year  
  • Nader Pourmand, a biomolecular engine, developed a nanopipette technology to track changes in a single cell’s life over time.

9.University of California, Merced

  • Research has found how therapy-resistant cancers arise and are comparing genetic and metabolic pathways in treatment- responsive and treatment-resistant melanomas.
  • Professor Clarissa Nobile is working to find the fungus that forms the biofilms that cause yeast infections inside and on outer surfaces of the human body.
  • UC Merced Professor Roland Winston is working on a groundbreaking hybrid solar collector that generates electricity.
  • UC Merced graduate student Melissa Ricketts has come up with a way to use the compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) to emit light, rather than gather it.

Covid-19

Biotech Company based in Washington Advances COVID-19 Treatment Trials

Published

on

Companies across the globe are working on finding treatments for COVID-19 patients, and the latest is from CytoDyn Inc. The Washington-based biotech has developed a possible COVID-19 treatment and is one step closer to nationwide distribution if clinical trials are successful.

CytoDyn Inc. announced Monday that it made an exclusive deal with the pharmaceutical company American Regent to distribute its latest product, leronlimab, by approval from the Food and Drug Administration.

Leronlimab is currently under review by the FDA as a treatment for HIV. The drug is an antibody that attaches itself to specific immune cell receptors HIV agents. Studies from CytoDyn indicated it could be effective in slowing the speed of inflammatory molecules production.

The effects of COVID-19 can cause lung complications in patients that can lead to various respiratory illnesses. CytoDyn hopes to be used soon to treat a potentially fatal condition called Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome caused by inflammation in the lungs, as seen in several COVID-19 patients. The company announced last month it had recruited 75 patients for a Phase 2 trial studying leronlimab’s effects on COVID-19 patients with mild to moderate symptoms.

According to CytoDyn, results from 390 COVID-19 patients’ clinical trials should be complete by the end of July. The most common side effects of leronlimab in HIV trials were diarrhea, headaches, and high blood pressure, based on a National Institute for Health report. 

The World Health Organization reported there are 19 potential candidates for a COVID-19 vaccine as of July 6. 

Other forms of treatment for COVID-19 patients are still being reviewed for their efficiency from antiviral drugs to ventilators depending on the severity of symptoms in patients. 

Sources: 

  1. https://wordofhealth.com/2020/03/07/how-pharma-companies-are-fighting-against-covid-19/
  2. https://www.cytodyn.com/newsroom/press-releases/detail/446/cytodyns-leronlimab-prevents-transmission-of-shiv-in
  3. https://www.thecentersquare.com/washington/washington-based-biotech-company-advances-covid-19-treatment-trials/article_874c8308-bfb8-11ea-aefd-cba60d46adc0.html
  4. https://www.americanregent.com/
  5. https://wordofhealth.com/2020/05/14/how-does-covid-19-affect-the-lungs/
  6. https://aidsinfo.nih.gov/drugs/423/leronlimab/0/patient
  7. https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/draft-landscape-of-covid-19-candidate-vaccines
  8. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/coronavirus/what-coronavirus-does-to-the-lungs
  9. https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/draft-landscape-of-covid-19-candidate-vaccines
  10. https://wordofhealth.com/2020/04/22/st-joseph-hospital-testing-remdesivir-on-coronavirus-patients/

Continue Reading

Covid-19

California Places Orange County on Coronavirus Watch List

Published

on

Monday, state health officials placed Orange County on a watch list along with other counties at risk possibly facing new lockdown orders. According to the analysis, California’s Dept. of Public Health cited outbreaks at assisted living facilities, memory care facilities, and other communal homes in Orange County as key drivers behind the rise in positive coronavirus tests and an upturn in hospitalizations.

Orange County leaders have an action plan they can follow created by the state health department to help slow the disease and avoid renewed lockdown orders. 

There are 19 counties in California including Orange County that have been added to the state’s monitoring list. This closely tracks metrics such as rates of new 100,000 residents, averages of positive tests, and new hospitalizations

In recent weeks, the spread of coronavirus in Orange County has moved closer to surpassing key criteria outlined by the state to identify troubled counties. Monday, June 29, the county reached 108.9 coronavirus cases per 100,000 residents, surpassing the state’s threshold of 100. The rate of positive tests, 9.2% on Monday, exceeding the state’s limit of 8%. Orange County initially surpassed the state’s testing positivity limit on Friday with 8.5%.

According to Health Care Agency data, there are currently 485 people with COVID-19 in Orange County hospitals, a 66% increase since June 1, when local hospitals had 292 COVID-19 patients. Orange County could face renewed lockdowns that could again limit non-essential businesses’ operations if the rise in hospitalization and other metrics are not reversed. 

Before resorting to these measures in the county, state health officials want local leaders to work on a multi-part plan to tamp down the county’s infection rate. Recommended methods include raising public messaging about the importance of social distancing, small to no gatherings, and wearing face masks in public.

State health officials want Orange County to provide more coronavirus testing sites and take more active steps to educate skilled nursing facilities and communities with high case rates on infection control practices and the proper use of protective equipment. Marc Meulman, chief of operations of the Health Care Agency’s Public Health Services, said the agency worked with the state in drafting the action steps. However, no state resources will be dedicated to implementing them.

Bernadette Boden-Albala, dean of UC Irvine’s public health program and an expert in social epidemiology, stated early in the pandemic Orange County residents did an excellent job heeding public health slowing the virus’s spread. Boden-Albala added the urgent issue now is coronavirus-related hospitalizations are increasing while patients with other conditions are starting to return to hospitals. On Wednesday, June 24, Orange County’s hospitals were 65% full, according to an Orange County Emergency Medical Services report

Sources: 

  1. https://www.ocregister.com/2020/06/29/state-puts-orange-county-on-coronavirus-watch-list/
  2. https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CID/DCDC/Pages/COVID-19/CountyMonitoringDataStep2.aspx
  3. https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CID/DCDC/Pages/COVID-19/COVID19CountyDataTable.aspx
  4. https://wordofhealth.com/2020/03/21/coronavirus-update-california-issued-statewide-stay-at-home-order/
  5. https://wordofhealth.com/2020/06/20/gov-newsom-issues-new-face-mask-order-for-californians/
  6. https://www.ochealthinfo.com/about/admin/contacts
  7. https://directory.uci.edu/people/bbodenal
  8. https://www.healthdisasteroc.org/civicax/filebank/blobdload.aspx?BlobID=116352

Continue Reading

Covid-19

Breathalyzer Can Detect COVID-19 in Seconds

Published

on

Diagnostic tests used to detect the virus that causes COVID-19 usually involve a deep nasal swab to obtain enough fluid samples. After the sample is collected, it is then transferred to a laboratory machine for processing with the results usually available hours or even days after. There are five-minute tests on the market, but those still require an expensive machine at each testing site.

Researchers at Ohio State University have developed a breathalyzer that can detect metabolites related to a COVID-19 infection within fifteen seconds. This technology could be utilized for mass screenings of travelers at airports, those attending large public events, and any facility taking precautions in preventing infections

Link to Source

Perena Gouma, the lead developer of the new device, announced that breath analysis is not a technique widely used in the medical field yet, so it’s considered early-stage work. She stated the team has a sensor device that can detect oxide and VOCs (volatile organic compounds) in breath and can be used to tell you about the onset of an infectious disease

The new breathalyzer can screen two other metabolites along with nitric oxide that are related to COVID-19. Since the device indicated the metabolite concentrations, it may also help with disease monitoring to assess progression. The new device relies on new nanomaterials that can trap and measure the relevant gases being analyzed.

Link to Source

The technology required for the device is inexpensive to manufacture, and anyone can perform a test using the breathalyzer. After the test is complete, the results are displayed on the device within fifteen seconds and do not need any interpretation. 

Gouma stated that researchers are working on making these devices hand-held monitors that will be widely distributed and inexpensive. She added that the technology evolved from the sensors used for monitoring gases in an automotive exhaust

Link to Source

Sources:

  1. https://wordofhealth.com/2020/05/07/new-crispr-test-for-covid-19-could-be-a-simple-at-home-diagnostic-test-according-to-scientists/
  2. https://www.medgadget.com/2020/06/breathalyzer-to-detect-covid-19-in-seconds.html
  3. https://news.osu.edu/ohio-state-researchers-testing-breathalyzer-to-detect-covid-19/
  4. https://www.lung.org/clean-air/at-home/indoor-air-pollutants/volatile-organic-compounds

Continue Reading

Digital Health News

Trending

Subscribe to our newsletterGet latest health and fitness updates