Have you ever found science difficult to understand? Or do you ever wonder how it is actually used in real life? Maybe you went into a science class thinking it would be interesting, but instead, you found the material tough to grasp. Well, a UCI grad student is here to change that! Meet Kellen Kartub, a PhD candidate at the University of California, Irvine, that strives to make chemistry more accessible to everyone, including those from a non-STEM background. On October 2017, she created an Instagram page known as chemwithkellen to not only further her passion of science communication but also to make chemistry enjoyable to a larger audience.
Kartub’s educational background is from Wellesley College, a liberal arts college that heavily emphasizes writing. Through taking several classes, she began to understand the importance of why good writing matters, as writing can shape our perceptions on certain topics. As she continued her academic career at UCI, she realized that there were few academic papers that explained chemistry concepts or studies well. Many times, these papers did not explain bigger concepts properly or excluded important technical details. Her passion for writing, education, and chemistry along with these experiences gave her the inspiration to start this Instagram page.
With regards to her content, Kartub aims to make the posts relevant and wants the topic to resonate with her audience members. For example, many of her posts revolve around food chemistry that explains the chemistry behind the food making process. Her recent post about sugar chemistry started off with determining sugar’s melting point and organic structure and at the end, she explained the applicability of that information in caramelizing the sugar. In a similar vein, her writing style breaks down complex topics from the bottom up, meaning that it leads audience members to think about the questions leading up to the bigger point. The writing is crafted in the form of solving a puzzle as she builds up from given information leading to what we as audience members can conclusion. Ultimately, she wants to inspire people to see that there is chemistry in everyday life and everyone has the capability to understand it.
Kartub believes that science and communication are extremely important, as information is often miscommunicated in our society. After her PhD, she hopes to continue to incorporate science communication in her future career. Go follow her account at and keep up with all the awesome work she does! Kartub is poised to change the game of chemistry/science communication, working day by day to make the fun and technical aspects behind science more tangible.
JuiceBot Innovates Distribution Model for Healthy Beverages
JuiceBot is a company that strives to deliver juice without any preservatives or additives, therefore revitalizing the current distribution model of healthy foods and beverages. In this Q&A article, Editor Ambika Vartak interviewed John Yanyali, CEO of JuiceBot. The article will explore JuiceBot’s purpose in entering the food-distribution market as well as its competitive advantages.
Ambika Vartak: Tell us about your company JuiceBot and how it got started.
John Yanyali: JuiceBot was founded with the objective of transforming the distribution system for healthy food and beverages that have a short shelf-life, a way to deliver a product that contains no preservatives, emulsifiers or additives. Our mission is to provide people with access to nutritious food and beverage.
AV: There is a growing trend of selling natural, cold-pressed juices within the market. What made you decide to sell cold-press juice through an automated machine?
JY: As juice was gaining a lot of traction on the coasts, we wanted to learn how we could influence the Midwest to take up this trend, and through that, we learned that there was a distribution problem when it came to cold pressed juice, which led to creating the JuiceBot. We created a new model in order to make healthy foods and beverages as convenient and accessible as getting a soda from a vending machine. JuiceBot is trying to enhance and expand on the value that traditional juice bars offer by making healthy juice available everywhere from apartment buildings to gyms to grocery stores. We believe JuiceBot saves our customers time, streamlines customer experiences, and creates an opportunity for resources to be better utilized for higher revenues. If vending machines can serve up sodas, Slurpees, and snacks, why not cold-pressed juice? That’s the concept behind the Juicebot, a new machine that will serve up a convenient pour of four different healthy beverages on demand.
AV: What are some of the health benefits of motivating corporate markets to drink cold-press juice?
JY: Soda and highly processed juice sales have steadily declined in the past decade, they have been replaced with healthier drink options, such as juice, coconut water and kombucha. JuiceBot is really changing the way that people access nutrition. As businesses lean towards a workplace that incentivizes fitness, group activities and wellness in general, having a Juicebot on the premises shows the commitment of any corporation in the welfare of their employees. This enhances employee retention. An article at Inc.com by John Rampton explains in detail how Silicon Valley has become notorious for its free meals and other unique perks to improve employee retention.
AV: How does JuiceBot ensure that the quality and distribution of the juice is upheld?
JY: JuiceBot ensures the quality and distribution of the juice is upheld by testing which helps us remain confident we’re providing the highest level of food safety to our consumers. It’s part of a wider food safety program that also includes sensors providing information on juice levels and temperature control within a machine. We worked with a biotechnology company to develop a rapid food safety test that can detect pathogens, like salmonella and listeria, in under 24 hours. Routine food safety testing generally requires two weeks between submission of the sample and receipt of the test result. Equipped with this new technology, JuiceBot worked with leaders in California to amend its food safety legislation to allow the Department of Public Health to issue a variance for “dispensing bulk potentially hazardous food” from vending machines. At present, Juicebot’s is the only product to have received this variance. All of the juice is distributed in a biodegradable cup made out of corn. Our juice is 100 percent made from fruits and vegetables. We buy local to support our local farming community, and to prevent unnecessary loss of nutrients, which is the result of produce being harvested and then spending days in transit. Buying local also reduces the environmental impact of our food. We help avoid a large carbon footprint through overseas plane travel and long truck trips, all of which cut down on fuel consumption and air pollution.
AV: What are the different types of juices that are served? Are there any customer favorites?
JY: JuiceBot’s robotic kiosks currently dispense 4 preset flavors; The Clover (kale, cucumber, celery, spinach, pear, cilantro, mint and lime), The Quench (watermelon, jicama, strawberry, mint and lime), The Sunrise (carrot, orange, coconut water, lemon, ginger and turmeric) and The Gingersnap (fuji apple, green apple, ginger and lemon). We are also providing our customers the ability to mix and match from the flavors that are available, allowing them to create their own unique juice blends. The Clover and The Gingersnap are customer favorites for now but we see different trends each season.
AV: How does JuiceBot develop inspiration for creating recipes?
JY: When we first started operating , we felt really intimidated by all the crazy combos out there— in the grocery store alone, we saw some bottles of juice with a million different ingredients. 2 1/2 strawberries here, 2/3 of a mango there, 27 blueberries. We thought we would pull together four of our favorite simple juice recipes to get started. These juice recipes all use easy-to-find fruits and veggies, and most of the juices have less than three ingredients. They are all sweetened naturally with fruit, so we know they are nutritious. This was a great way to get our feet wet with juicing. If anyone is looking to start adding green juice to their diet, this is a great place to start. Cucumbers and celery are both packed with water, making them excellent candidates for juicing. And green apples add tons of sweetness and fruity flavor to the juice. This juice is super refreshing and hydrating—perfect for summer. If you like the spicy kick of ginger well then our apple-lemon-ginger recipe is for you. The sweetness of apples are a great balance to the heat of ginger.
AV: What is the technology behind the process of distributing the juice?
JY: We have begun cold-pressed fruit and vegetable beverages, prepared every day in a commercial kitchen and poured immediately into sterile stainless-steel tanks for transport to the location. These “kegs” are equipped with agitators to keep the particles in suspension and are held under refrigeration throughout the process, maintaining a cold chain supply from the preparation facility to the Juicebots in the field. The process helps protect the juice from oxidation caused by light and oxygen, allowing the juice inside to stay nutritious for a longer period and eliminating the waste caused by plastic bottles. JuiceBot uses less power than a regular vending machine and therefore has less of a carbon footprint. The machines are also remotely monitored for issues like cup jams, sold out flavors and customer complaints.
AV: How does JuiceBot differentiate itself from other companies?
JY: While the old system favored pre-packaged, longest shelf life, and just mass in general, the latest version of Juicebot vends its fresh juice drinks into compostable cups made out of corn. What makes JuiceBot unique is not the machine itself, but rather the whole supply chain from kitchen to Bot. JuiceBot is the first and only approved machine that can serve healthy food and beverages in California.
AV: What is JuiceBot’s mission and vision for the next 5 years?
JY: Our mission is to change the distribution model to fit good healthy food, not the other way around. Our goal is to leverage technology to rethink the distribution challenges that fresh food companies face, while expanding the reach of juice bars and creating cashless and cashierless convenience for customers on the go.
For more information on JuiceBot, please visit the following links:
Medical Student Dillon Dejam Shares Important Insights through MD Program and Beyond
- Can you tell me a little bit about yourself and your educational background? I’m a second year medical student at the David Geffen School of Medicine here at UCLA. I grew up in Los Angeles County and I graduated high school in 2012. Then, I went to UC Irvine, to start my undergraduate studies. I started out as a general Biological Sciences major and then in between my second and third year I decided to specialize in biochemistry and molecular biology. I graduated UCI in 2016, and I took two gap years between my undergraduate and my medical school. I started medical school here at UCLA in fall of 2018, and I’ve been here ever since then and it’s been awesome.
- Why did you choose biology as a major for your undergraduate at UCI? I always had this inkling of an idea that I wanted to become a physician. When you apply to college, from high school, and you know that you’re interested in going to medical school. You figure “Hey, I might as well be a biology major that seems to align the most with, you know, being a physician”. That’s the main reason why I decided to apply as a biology major. I figured it was the most applicable to what I was hoping to do in the future. I also just in general loved my biology classes in high school as well so it seemed obvious that was the route that I should take.
- Is there a specific field that you’re hoping to pursue in the future? I’m not really set on one field. I spent some time shadowing in a couple of different specialties, and we start our clinical rotations in our third year so I’m hoping to have a better idea of what I’d like to do after I go through my rotation. I always thought that surgery was very interesting so I’m looking forward to my surgery rotation, and I’m looking forward to experiencing more of the other specialties that we get exposed to in our third year. You really don’t know what [a specialty] is going to be like, until you’re in it. So, it’s definitely important to keep an open mind, especially because medicine can be very broad and diverse.
- What is the most challenging part of medical school? I think the most challenging part is maintaining the ability to not compare yourself to others. Once you’re in medical school, you have this feeling of now I really can’t mess anything up and everything has to be perfect from here on out because I’m finally where I want it to be, and we try to keep up with what everyone else is up to, and we’re constantly comparing ourselves to others. I think this tends to produce some stress and anxiety for a lot of people. I think that conquering that has been my biggest accomplishment. Just realizing that I’m on my own journey, and nothing beneficial is going to come from comparing myself to others. Nowadays the only reason why I compare myself to others is to try to get ideas, or to try to get inspired. I’m just accepting myself for who I am and I’m following my passions and my interest, and I think that was hard at first. I’m starting to just accept who I am and accept that there’s certain things that I want to do and things that I don’t want to do and that’s totally fine.
- How have you prioritized your mental health? I think it kind of just goes back to accepting myself for who I am and what my interests are. Doing things that get me excited and doing all this stuff on the side because it makes me happy but if you told me to go and do something that I don’t want to do, it’s going to be challenging for me. Allowing myself to not force myself to do things that I don’t want to do has been really helpful. I’m really lucky that I go to UCLA because our curriculum in the first two years is pass or fail. We have an exam every six to eight weeks. So, in general, there’s really only one exam every six to eight weeks that you have to pass, and I think it’s a relatively more relaxed curriculum compared to some other schools, so I’m really lucky to be here at UCLA. And we have a lot of great resources; they have free counseling and therapy services for all the medical students.
- What are some tips that you would give to people aspiring to be doctors? I think having a passion or hobby outside of school and academics and medicine can also be helpful. Do what interests you, dip your toes into anything you think that you would be interested in because college is the time to really explore. This is the only time where you’re going to be around other people who are your age, who are experiencing a similar environment and who are also trying to figure out what they want to do. College is just an amazing time to explore. There are so many different organizations and opportunities and clubs on campus. I think if there’s one word I could use to summarize the idea of college experience, it is opportunity.
- Can you talk a bit more about your podcasts and why you decided to start doing podcasts? I’m really passionate about music. When I was in elementary school, I discovered a genre of music that I was really passionate about, and growing up, iTunes had the podcast features. When I was in high school I discovered that these DJs that I loved uploaded weekly mixes onto the podcast on iTunes. So ever since I was in like 9th or 10th grade in high school, I began listening to these iTunes podcasts and then I wondered, “oh hey it would be so cool if I could have a show of my own, or a podcast of my own one day”. Fast forward to my third year of college at UCI, I started getting involved in the radio station there. And I eventually got my own weekly radio show, where I DJ live on air for two hours every Wednesday night, and I played music that I absolutely loved and I talked for a little bit on air. I did that for like three and a half years like even in my gap years, and that was like one of the coolest things that I did. That was the hardest extracurricular to end because I just love it so much. So, when medical school started I thought about dabbling in a radio station here at UCLA. A few months later I decided I could easily just start my own podcast that revolves around the stuff that I’m doing on social media and this would be an excellent way for me to broadcast, my perspectives and these things that I think people should hear if they’re interested in going to medical school, or just in general people who are interested in learning more about how they could better take advantage of their college experience. So, it just started with this love for music and having a radio show, and now I feel like I kind of have a similar setup now with my podcast.
- What are your thoughts about health? (Policies, illnesses, current news, etc.) I’m really passionate about exercise and being active. It’s something that I didn’t discover until I got to college; I wasn’t really like an athletic kid growing up. Now it’s a big part of my life and I’m really passionate about spending time in the gym. You know, you can easily say things like, “Hey, you know, every American needs to exercise for XYZ amount of time every week”. Those are the recommendations set forth sometimes. However, I think there’s a lot of personal factors that go into people’s ability to exercise and eat healthy. I think that, it would be nice if we could find a way to address personal factors as opposed to just telling people that they need to exercise more and eat healthy. I just think it’s important that we kind of try and understand the background that people are living in, as opposed to just telling them that they need to eat well and exercise more because it’s harder for some than others.
- What are some work experiences you have had either in undergraduate or medical school that have inspired you? The whole reason why I decided to go into medicine is because I value relationships. I worked as a medical scribe during my gap years between medical school and undergraduate, and as a medical scribe you’re not really interacting with patients directly; you observe countless physician patient interactions. Watching things from the outside, I really started to understand the effect that a physician’s words can have on how a patient feels, and what a patient knows about what’s going on is so meaningful. I think that was a defining experience for me. I want to have these awesome relationships with my patients where I feel like I’m providing value to their life and to their health.
- What motto do you live by on a day to day basis? Just do what you want to do. I think as long as you’re doing things for the right reason, which is because you want to do it, then, you’re always going to end up coming out on top.
To learn more about Dejam, please visit the links to his social media platforms as well as his podcast:
This is a guest-post, and the opinion is of the guest writer. If you have any questions with any of the articles, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Meet Mohammad Rimawi, D.P.M.
1. Can you tell me about yourself and your educational background?
- My name is Mohammad Rimawi, and I am a podiatrist practicing in NYC. I earned my doctorate from the New York College of Podiatric Medicine. I was fortunate enough to serve as class president for four years and was also recognized with the Student Service Award. That award goes to the student voted by the graduating class as making the biggest impact on the field of podiatry. I was also inducted into the Pi Delta Honor Society for my achievements in research and studies.
2. Why did you decide to pursue medicine? And why podiatry specifically?
- Growing up I was very active in sports. Unfortunately, this lead to various injuries to my ankle. This then lead me to explore the world of medicine and podiatry as a whole.
3. What are some of your past work experiences that led you into your profession?
- Before podiatry, I worked in a pet shop for over 14 years. Although this has no relation to my current work, I do believe the social encounters from my time there helped me become more engaged and attentive to my patients now.
4. What is your most favorite part of your job?
- Helping people get back on their feet. Whether it be through a routine procedure like removing an ingrown toenail, or performing a reconstructive surgery, my greatest sense of accomplishment is making patients feel better after they have seen me.
5. What is the most fulfilling experience/ interaction you have had with your patients?
- Getting patients back on their feet is always a rewarding experience. From diabetic limb salvage, treating traumatic injuries, or relieving the aches of day to day foot pain, they all provide me with a sense of accomplishment.
6. What are some of your hobbies/activities and how do they tie into your profession?
- I still participate in sports activities, mainly basketball. My profession and experiences have definitely prepared me on how to prevent injuries but also how to respond if such an event were to occur. I enjoy reading nonfiction books in my spare time as well.
7. Has there been a life-changing moment that defines who you are today?
- When I was 15, I went back to Palestine for the first time since a child. The few months there definitely shaped who I am today. I developed a greater sense of appreciation for the opportunities that I was given in the United States and strive to maximize on them daily. This appreciation fuels my work ethic in any endeavor I pursue.
8. What is a primary advice you would give to your patient?
- Prevention is always the best medicine. It’s not enough to follow doctors orders when you’re ill or in need; you must maintain a healthy and well nourished lifestyle constantly. The prevention of a disease will always be better than its cure, and this is the motto we should all abide by.
9. What are your thoughts about health?
- The health field continues to advance which is promising. However, with the rise of social media it is concerning with the amount of false information that is released to the public. I would urge the public to always visit a professional in their time of need. Social media is useful tool for information but should not be your only source.
10. What motto do you live by on a day to day basis?
- “Hard work beats
talent,when talent fails to work hard.” Everything I have accomplished up until this point, I can attribute to a strong work ethic.
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